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Iris / Iris

Everything you want to know and more about iris recognition by its inventor, John Daugman:
Tout ce que vous voulez savoir, et bien plus, sur la reconnaissance de l'iris par son inventeur, John Daugman:

  • John Daugman's homepage
  • Another excellent documented website from Jan Ernst:
    Un autre site très bien documenté, de Jan Ernst:

  • The Iris Recognition Homepage (by Jan Ernst)
  • Les francophones consulteront la thèse de Christel-Loïc TISSE:

  • "Contribution à la vérification biométrique de personnes par reconnaissance de l’iris"
  • Iris recognition has got its famous case with the afghan woman on the National Geographic cover who has been identified thanks to her green eyes.
    Voici le cas bien connu de l'Afghane aux yeux verts dont l'identité a été confirmée grâce à la reconnaissance de l'iris.

    Iris recognition uses iris images captured in the near infrared bandwidth. The iris color is not used, this is rather the iris structure which is recognized.
    La reconnaissance de l'iris nécessite de capturer une image dans le proche infrarouge (invisible). La couleur de l'iris n'est pas utilisée, c'est plutôt son relief qui est reconnu.

    structure de l'iris
    iris + iriscode

    An "iriscode" is extracted from the iris, once it has been localized
    Un "iriscode est extrait de l'iris, une fois qu'il a été localisé

    heterochromia iridium David Bowie

    Heterochromia iridium (differing iris colors) and heterochromia iridis (a variety of color within a single iris) are relatively rare in humans and result from increased or decreased pigmentation of the iris. Most cases are the result of an alteration in the expression of the EYCL3 gene (which codes for brown/blue eye color) and EYCL1 (which codes for green/blue eye color), among other genes within the cells of the entire iris or even a particular section. Other potential causes include trauma around the time of birth or later in life, congenital pigmented nevi or even medications such as those used in the treatment of glaucoma.
    David Bowie's eyes are in fact of the same color - his pupils are of a different size because one is permanently dilated after a fight with a schoolfriend. It doesn't help for iris recognition, sure.

    Myths

    Previous links already give most answers, but I give here some details about some specific questions.
    Les liens précédents répondent à la plupart des questions que vous pourriez vous posez, mais dans certains cas, j'ai voulu apporter ma contribution.

  • Iris recognition is extremely accurate (and much more better than fingerprints).
    La reconnaissance par iris est très précise (et bien mieux que les empreintes).
  • Twins have identical biometric traits (identical fingerprints, irises...). This is the same for clones.
    Les jumeaux sont identiques: mêmes empreintes digitales, même iris... C'est pareil pour les clones.
  • Biometric systems are able to detect diseases.
    On peut détecter des maladies avec les systèmes biométriques.
  • Iris or retina identification uses a (dangerous) laser.
    L'identification de l'iris ou de la retine utilise un (dangeureux) laser.
  • Iris recognition uses the color of the eyes, and cannot work with africans having very dark eyes.
    La reconnaissance de l'iris utilise la couleur des yeux, et ne marche pas avec les africains ayant les yeux très sombres.
  • Some common medical errors concerning iris
    Quelques erreurs medicales courantes concernant l'iris

  • Standard:

  • ANSI INCITS 379-2004 Iris Image Interchange Format. Look also for the ISO document.

  • Commercial products:


    L-1 (Iridain, Iriscan, Sensar)

  • L-1 (formerly Iridian, Iriscan, Sensar)
  • Sell the Daugman's algorithm, see licensees below for cameras.
    Voir les licenciés ci-dessous, vend essentiellement l'algorithme de Daugman.

    Capturing an iris

    LG

  • LG Iris technology division
  • (was Iridian license up to 2004)

    LG 2200 LG Irisaccess 3000

    OKI

  • OKI
  • (Iridian license)
    (sep 2005) Irispass-M

    OKI OKI Irispass-M
  • (2006 Nov) OKI Introduces Japan's First Iris Recognition for Camera-Equipped Mobile Phones, PDA. Nikkei Electronics Asia.

  • Panasonic

  • Panasonic
  • (Iridian license)

    Panasonic BM ET100 Panasonic BM ET300 Panasonic BM ET200 (2006 Dec)

    Securimetrics

  • Securimetrics
  • (Iridian license)

    Secumetrics

    Irisguard

  • IrisGuard
  • (Iridian license)

    IrisGuard ig h100

    Iritech

  • Iritech
  • (+ facial recognition)

    Iritech

    Senex Technologies

  • Senex Technologies
  • Senex

    Evermedia

  • Evermedia
  • Evermedia Evermedia EC-I100 Evermedia EC-I300 Evermedia EC-I400

    Smart Sensors

  • Smart Sensors Ltd. (UK) + Univ. of Bath, launched at Biometrics 2004.
  • Smart Sensors

    Jiris

  • (2005) Jiris (Korea) EIAP 2000 / EIAP 3000
  • (2006 Mar) JIRIS JPC1000 (proto). Product showed May 2006.

  • xVista

  • (2006 May) xVista. (UK) + University of Sussex: should use a camera phone to capture and process the iris.
  • xVista camera phone

    Sarnoff

  • (2005) Sarnoff "Iris on the move". : IOM can identify up to 20 subjects per minute, and subjects can walk through a recognition portal at normal walking pace..

  • Qritek

  • (2006) Qritek iris biometric access control module.
  • (2006) Iribio: mouse with an iris camera (IRIS 2030N).

  • Beijing Eyesight

  • Beijing eyesight Information Technology (www.hongmoshibie.cn).

  • Rehoboth Tech

  • (2007 Jun)Rehoboth Tech unveils the Irikon Flash Memory.

  • Aoptix

  • (2007 Sep)Aoptix unveils an adaptative optics system to acquire an iris at a distance of 2 meters.

  • Eyelock (Hoyos)

  • Hoyos Eyelock Hbox, HCam, Eyeswipe, Eyeswipe Mini, Eyeswipe Nano, Eyelock
  • (2011) Eyelock USB Iris scanner
  • (2014) Eyelock Myris scanner

  • BI2 Technologies

  • (2010) BI2 Technologies MORIS is an iPhone add-on to acquire irises and fingerprints.

  • Distribution:

  • Byometric Systems (Germany) Iridian license, LG, Panasonic, OKI... systems

  • Biometrics visitors